Millions of people draped in the rainbow hues of LGBT pride turned out for parades across the United States on Sunday, two weeks after a massacre at a Florida nightclub stirred fear and solidarity among lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender Americans.
The march in New York, held every year since 1970, began at noon near the Empire State Building and ended at Greenwich Village's Stonewall Inn, the birthplace of the gay rights movement and the newest national monument.
Among the New York marchers were three men from Gays Against Guns, or GAG, a group that was formed since the Orlando shootings.
"We realized that in different facets, the gay community has been supporting common-sense gun laws for a long time, but it has never organized as a gay community," said Chris Arruda, 50, a post-production supervisor for television.
Carrying a sign reading "NRA prepare to GAG," a reference to the National Rifle Association, Arruda wore a pink triangle on his bare chest, an emblem that the Nazis forced homosexuals to wear before and during World War Two.
From our sister publication: A Place to Call Home, a new series focusing on women religious helping people who are homeless. Read more
Hillary Clinton, the presumptive Democratic presidential nominee, joined the march for a few blocks in an unannounced appearance. She waved while walking alongside New York Governor Andrew Cuomo and New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio.
Police stepped up security to reassure participants and onlookers after a gunman pledging allegiance to the Islamic State militant group killed 49 people at Orlando's Pulse nightclub on June 12 in the deadliest mass shooting in modern U.S. history.
"This parade is New York City saying defiantly, 'We will stand up to hatred,'" de Blasio told a rally at the parade's terminus. "We will stand up to those who would try to undermine our values."
With warm and sunny weather prevailing from coast to coast, parades in New York, Chicago, San Francisco and other cities went off without a hitch.
But the mood was decidedly subdued for an event that in recent years has evolved in New York from a protest march against police harassment into a roving street party.
"I've been so heartbroken and outraged by Orlando," said Dorothee Benz, 50, who was marching with a group called New York Supports Orlando. "We need to be out loud and proud more than ever, but it comes with mourning and anger."
By contrast, pure joy had emanated from the throngs of people who turned out for pride parades last June, just days after the U.S. Supreme Court legalized same-sex marriage across the country.
"Just existing and being gay is dangerous, but it’s also exciting and kind of overwhelming to see this kind of celebration,” said Caroline Foley, a 15-year-old who identifies as gay, while watching her first pride parade along San Francisco's Market Street.
Behind her, flags emblazoned with "We Are Orlando," fluttered in the breeze.
Some 2 million spectators had been expected to line the route of New York's parade this year, while organizers forecast a turnout of 1 million in Chicago.
Police in New York beefed up security with helicopter and maritime patrols and an increased presence of uniformed and plainclothes officers, while authorities took similar steps in Chicago.
"We are monitoring from the air, looking for suspicious packages, which people should also report if they see anything," Chicago Police Department spokesman Anthony Guglielmi said by phone from the parade route.
HONORING ORLANDO VICTIMS
At the head of the Chicago parade, a group carried photos of the 49 Orlando nightclub victims. Later a contingent of marchers donned elaborate, rainbow-colored costumes constructed from hundreds of balloons and carried large letters, also formed by balloons, spelling out P-U-L-S-E.
The lead float in New York's parade carried Pulse owner Barbara Poma and the club's entertainment manager, Neema Bahrami. All told, organizers said the parade would feature 2,000 marchers and 85 floats, most of them adorned with the LGBT rainbow.
The color orange, which has come to symbolize the Orlando victims, was ubiquitous. Many people wore orange bandanas or carried flags with orange stripes as an expression of outrage over gun violence in America and support for tighter controls over firearms.
President Barack Obama designated the Stonewall Inn as a national monument on Friday. It was the first time such an honor has been bestowed in specific recognition of LGBT Americans.
The bar was the scene of a 1969 police raid that triggered riots and an impromptu rally that ignited a long struggle to bring LGBT people into the U.S. mainstream and guarantee their rights.
(Additional reporting by Jonathan Allen and Barbara Goldberg in New York, Fiona Ortiz in Chicago and Meg Garner in San Francisco; Writing by Frank McGurty; Editing by Lisa Von Ahn and Dan Grebler)