Faith and Justice: "If [the Islamic State group] does come in ... it will be a major humanitarian disaster."
French Catholics have urged church support for a campaign to stop Western companies from buying oil from the Islamic State group, in effect funding the mass killing of Christians.
"Our brothers and sisters are being massacred, women and children taken into slavery -- and while Christians are suffering most, so are Muslims and other minorities," said Joseph Thouvenel, vice president of the French Confederation of Christian Workers.
The current "culture of conflict" is an indication that schools and universities need to create conditions that will develop "a new humanism" and "rebuild a spirit of fraternity among people and nations," Cardinal Pietro Parolin said.
"The current context of hatred and contempt among people is constituted by a radical rejection of humanity in the other," said Parolin, the Vatican secretary of state, on Wednesday. "The acceptance of diversity is therefore fundamental for mutual respect and for the freedom to express one's own ideas and religious convictions."
Cubans are waiting for Pope Francis "with open arms," said Cardinal Jaime Ortega Alamino of Havana.
The cardinal met briefly with the pope at the end of the papal general audience Wednesday in St. Peter's Square. The cardinal was in Rome fine-tuning the program for the papal visit to Cuba this September, according to the Vatican newspaper, L'Osservatore Romano.
"Throughout the debate and the discussion, we did ask people to try to be respectful and inoffensive in language," Archbishop Eamon Martin said.
Archbishop Vincenzo Paglia, the head of the Pontifical Council for the Family and lead Vatican organizer of September's World Meeting of Families in Philadelphia, is under investigation by Italian prosecutors for alleged embezzlement.
Published reports in European media outlets say the investigation stems from 2011 when the archbishop led the diocese of Terni in Italy, and diocesan funds may have been used improperly in a scheme to purchase then resell at a profit a 14th-century Italian castle.
While little has been divulged officially so far about the views collected from Catholic respondents, it's been possible to glean some measure of the strong feelings being expressed.
In the long run, the church will not be able to avoid issues such as women's ordination and who can take over the leadership of priestless communities, Schüller said.
A new study from the Center for Applied Research in the Apostolate shows that growth of the Catholic population has been uneven around the world.
Although no date has been set, church leaders in Poland hope Pope Francis will visit the former Nazi concentration camp of Auschwitz during a July 2016 visit to Poland for World Youth Day.
"We hope Pope Francis will come to Auschwitz and deliver a warning to the world by again demonstrating the horrors of war and the camps, so they'll never recur," Cardinal Stanislaw Dziwisz of Krakow told the Polish Catholic news agency KAI.