Napa, California — In opening keynotes, well-known traditionalist Catholic celebrities set the tone, entreating the nearly 700 mostly affluent Catholics at the Napa, California, gathering to rigorous faith lives.
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In the closing address of the ninth annual Napa Institute conference, Republican Sen. Lindsey Graham of South Carolina delivered an entertaining appeal for the reelection of President Donald Trump, despite "chaos" in the administration at times.
Graham, who lost the 2016 Republican presidential nomination to Trump, said he and Trump "got off to a rotten start," and admitted that he once "hated his guts."
But now, the Southern Baptist said about the president, "I like what he does, not necessarily the way he does it."
"God works in mysterious ways," Graham said, and was drowned out by laughter before he could finish the sentence. "If you had told me in 2016 that Donald Trump would be the leader of the evangelical movement. …"
"When you back away," Graham added, Trump "has been a hell of a good president for all the things that matter," despite "chaos" at times generated at the White House.
The senator said that under Trump, the U.S. military "is stronger than at any time since Ronald Reagan," and that the economy is historically robust.
Intoning "more judges, more judges, more judges," Graham lauded Trump's Supreme Court appointees Brett Kavanaugh and Neil Gorsuch, and reminded the audience that two more Supreme Court vacancies could occur during the next presidential term.
Trump has appointed a near record number of federal judges: 43 to courts of appeal and 99 to district courts. Dozens of others await confirmation.
Graham reviewed last fall's contentious confirmation hearings regarding Kavanaugh, strongly criticizing what he said were efforts to have the nominee's "life cut up and destroyed" by Democrats manipulating "accusations of 30 years ago."
The lawmaker claimed both Kavanaugh and Christine Blasey Ford, who had accused the then nominee of sexual assault, were both victims of the process.
Graham's fiery intervention during the Kavanaugh hearings has been credited with saving the nomination.
Graham was introduced by Marjorie Dannenfelser, president and an organizer of Susan B. Anthony List, a nonprofit that campaigns for pro-life legislation and candidates.
It was Dannenfelser who reportedly served as the link between the Napa Institute and Graham, who had not been familiar with the now 10-year-old organization.
The activist praised Graham for promoting the Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act, which would make abortions of fetuses after 20 weeks of gestation illegal.
If doctors won't operate on a 20-week-old fetus without anesthesia, "Why would we dismember it?" Graham asked.
"Over time we are going to win this fight," he pledged, stating that only seven nations allow unconditional abortion on demand after 20 weeks, including China, North Korea and the United States.
"Being in this club is not who we are," he said to applause.
A sustained, standing ovation followed Graham's keynote, which he concluded by saying, "Let's kick their asses in 2020."
Overall, the four-plus-day conference still matches a 2014 NCR distillation: "a remarkable mix of religious retreat, networking opportunity, strategy session, wine-tasting vacation, immersion catechetics, pep rally and keyhole glimpse at the U.S. traditionalist Catholic superstructure."
Graham's address, as well as comments from presenters and participants, made clear the institute's affinity for conservative politics.
Notable was the number of participants in clerics, cassocks, robes and habits. Clerics and religious were given a 50% discount on the Napa Institute's $2,600 registration fee. Many also relied on scholarships.
Bishops attended at no cost. More than a dozen were present, including Philadelphia Archbishop Charles Chaput, the "ecclesiastical adviser" to the Napa board of directors.
The group's eight-prelate Ecclesiastical Advisory Board includes four from California: San Francisco Archbishop Salvatore Cordileone, Oakland Bishop Michael Barber, Santa Rosa Bishop Robert Vasa, and Los Angeles Archbishop José Gomez. Of the four, all but Gomez, who is vice president* of the U.S. bishops' conference, attended.
NCR attended keynotes, breakout sessions and other presentations free, and commuted from nearby Fairfield.
The event is staged at the luxury Meritage Resort and Spa in Napa, which is part of the Irvine, California-based Pacific Hospitality Group of which Napa Institute co-founder Tim Busch is founder and CEO.
Participation in the annual gathering has increased every year, as have the Napa Institute's outreach and influence.
In July 25 opening remarks, Busch told attendees that "more than 100 mergers and alliances" of lay apostolates have been stimulated through networking and new relationships at the conferences.
He and others say fruitful exchanges along these lines often take place during the post-9 p.m. "In Vino Veritas" cigar receptions.
In May, the organization officially launched the Napa Legal Institute, which will, among other things, provide financial, organizational and legal resources to nonprofits "faithful to the Magisterium of the Catholic Church."
This July's Institute theme was "This Catholic Moment: Authentic Faith in Times of Crisis."
"This is a time of crisis and cleansing for the church. … There has probably been more cleansing in the last year than in the past 25," Busch said, calling on the standing-room-only crowd to "not tolerate the dictatorship of clericalism."
The "antibiotic" to hierarchical leadership lapses, he said, "is really the laity" who have been called by the Second Vatican Council to "engagement and empowerment" and to "our seat at the table."
Conservative Catholic pundit George Weigel and high-profile papal critic Cardinal Raymond Burke were the first conference keynoters, respectively.
Busch noted it was Burke's first Napa address. He called the cardinal "a man of truth who takes a lot of criticism for that."
Burke received the Institute's Award for Apostolic Zeal in recognition for his "commitment to Christ and his church by boldly proclaiming the Gospel in word and in deed."
Burke and Weigel both decried acceptance of same-sex unions, gender modification, and moves to make Latin-rite priestly celibacy optional.
Weigel urged listeners to embrace an "all-in Catholicism" that embodies rigorous sacramental practice and "service to the poor and marginalized, and the walking wounded in our decadent culture."
Burke implored the assembly to fight division and apostasy. He reviewed several "pervasive errors" in church practice, including laxity around teaching on sexuality and on the centrality of "salvation through faith in Christ alone."
Five protestors — four from the Thomas Merton Center in Palo Alto and one from the Northern California Call to Action chapter — arrived Thursday morning as Weigel and Burke were speaking. The group was escorted off the resort campus by local police called by Meritage security.
Among other things, the five told NCR they wanted to call attention to what they described as the Napa Institute's anti-Francis bias.
In a prepared statement, the Thomas Merton Center claimed the Institute "is allied with prominent, conservative political and religious leaders — some of Pope Francis' most vociferous critics. We see the alliance as antithetical to the Christian teachings of the Beatitudes."
"We do not advocate any derogation of Pope Francis," Busch told NCR. "As I [have] stated, we support Pope Francis and listen carefully to his teachings. I particularly support his issuance of the motu proprio to provide more accountability for bishops in all aspects. More can be done, but this is a huge start."
In early May Pope Francis issued motu proprio (on his own initiative) sweeping new church laws on investigation of clergy sexual abuse. He mandated that all priests and religious order members worldwide report any suspicion of abuse or its cover-up. Francis also established a new system for evaluating abuse reports or cover-up by bishops which empowers metropolitan archbishops to investigate bishops in their regions with Vatican consultation.
Asked in May if establishing Burke as a featured presenter was tantamount to endorsing the cardinal's controversial confrontations of Francis, Busch said Burke "is a serious theologian" and "recognized by many Catholics as someone that they would pay attention to."
Attempts to interview Burke and Graham were not successful.
The event program featured 13 "keynote sessions" plus Graham's concluding address as well as 27 45-minute "breakout sessions" and other free-standing presentations.
[Dan Morris-Young is NCR West Coast correspondent.]
*This story has been updated to correct Gomez's title for the bishops' conference.