Attorney General Eric Holder has a compelling federal case in the Michael Brown killing if he decides to bring civil rights charges against Ferguson, Mo., police officer Darren Wilson.
He's certainly taken almost unprecedented, lightning-fast first steps in that direction. He's got a phalanx of FBI agents assigned to the case. He's authorized an autopsy by a crack medical examiner from the military. He personally traveled to the city to review procedures with civil rights division attorneys and investigators.
None of this would have been done without the personal approval of President Barack Obama, who already has made more statements on the Ferguson furor and the Brown killing than he has on any other racially charged flashpoint issue during his White House tenure.
There are several factors within federal law that Holder has to look at to make the final decision whether to go forward with a prosecution. There has to be a "compelling interest" that the defendant's conduct could constitute a federal offense and that there is sufficient evidence against the defendant that the government can obtain a conviction.
There are clear elements of each of these hard federal prosecution requirements in the Brown killing.
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The compelling interest is probably the easiest of the requisites to satisfy. Wilson did not charge Brown with a crime; the 18-year-old was stopped, by all accounts, for jaywalking. The allegations that Brown was a suspect in a convenience store heist, that he smoked marijuana, and even that he may have actually had some physical altercation with Warren came way after the fact. Multiple eyewitnesses have been absolutely clear on this crucial point: He was shot in the middel of a street while his hands were raised*. An independent autopsy has confirmed that Brown could not have been shot during a scuffle as Wilson, police, and an anonymous eyewitness claim.
The key point is that Brown was on a public thoroughfare when he was killed. The right to freedom of movement without the danger of undue harm is a fundamental right enshrined in constitutional law and public policy. It's inviolate. The courts have repeatedly upheld a citizen's right to freedom of access and movement in public places.
Though there was no apparent racial motive in Wilson confronting Brown, his action clearly violated Brown's right to exercise his freedom of movement. This directly impacts an individual's right to life and liberty. This civil right was violated the moment Wilson presumed that a young black man walking in a public thoroughfare had committed a crime. The safeguard of that right must be a fundamental concern of federal prosecutors.
The Brown case also strongly points to systemic issues of excessive force by police. The obvious excessive force used was the slaying of Brown. This strikes to the heart of another basic right of citizens, namely, the right to life and liberty and, again, the freedom from undue harm. His killing once more raised deeply troubling questions about the power of the law to protect citizens from their unimpeded right to life and safety. Federal prosecutors play a major role in ensuring that where there's the suspicion that an individual's rights might have been violated solely because of their race and gender, the power of federal law is brought to ensure that right is protected.
The charge that Wilson abused his power as a police officer in killing Brown under the color of law is the linchpin of federal prosecutions of local police officers. This was the rationale that federal prosecutors used in the Rodney King beating case to bring civil rights charges against the four Los Angeles police officers who beat King. The crucial legal point was that they acted in an official capacity when they violated King's rights.
The Justice Department scrupulously goes to great lengths to shield itself from the charge that it's bowing to media or public pressure to prosecute. This is why the percentage of civil rights prosecutions it authorizes is infinitesimally low, especially against police officers. Yet in the Brown slaying, there are crucial federal interests in ensuring the rights of individuals to be free from undue harm because of their color, age and being in a public area merely because someone perceives they shouldn't be there, then acts on that perception with no cause other than that belief or perception.
Holder will give serious consideration to the civil rights violations in the Brown killing. This alone sends the strong signal that civil rights violations will always be subject to full and public scrutiny by federal prosecutors. This is exactly why he has a more than compelling reason to not only consider a Warren civil rights prosecution, but a compelling case for a prosecution.
[Earl Ofari Hutchinson is an author, political analyst and an associate editor of New America Media. Follow him on Twitter: @earlhutchinson.]
*An earlier version of this story incorrectly stated that Brown was on the ground when he was shot.