This story was updated at 8:30 a.m. central time with additional reporting about the document in which Francis gave his evaluation of the situation of the church in Chile.
The story was updated again at 9:20 a.m. central time to add reactions from abuse survivors and advocates.
Vatican City — Every bishop in Chile offered his resignation to Pope Francis after a three-day meeting at the Vatican to discuss the clerical sexual abuse scandal.
"We want to announce that all bishops present in Rome, in writing, have placed our positions in the Holy Father's hands so that he may freely decide regarding each one of us," Bishop Juan Ignacio Gonzalez Errazuriz of San Bernardo said May 18 in a statement on behalf of the country's bishops.
The unprecedented decision was made on the final day of their meeting May 15-17 with Francis.
Auxiliary Bishop Fernando Ramos Perez of Santiago, secretary-general of the Chilean bishops' conference, said the pope had read to the 34 bishops a document in which he "expressed his conclusions and reflections" on the 2,300-page report compiled by Archbishop Charles Scicluna of Malta and his aide, Fr. Jordi Bertomeu, during a visit to Chile to investigate the scandal.
"The pope's text clearly showed a series of absolutely reprehensible acts that have occurred in the Chilean church in relation to those unacceptable abuses of power, of conscience and sexual abuse that have resulted in the lessening of the prophetic vigor that characterized her," Ramos said.
After reflecting on the pope's assessment, he added, the bishops decided to hand in their resignations "to be in greater harmony with the will of the Holy Father."
"In this way, we could make a collegial gesture in solidarity to assume responsibility — not without pain — for the serious acts that have occurred and so that the Holy Father can, freely, have us at his disposal," Ramos said.
After news of the resignations broke Friday morning, Chilean abuse survivor Juan Carlos Cruz tweeted: "I'm very excited about all of this. It does good to our beloved country, to so many people who have suffered because of lying and corrupt bishops, and all the survivors in the world who have been ignored.”
“Now there's no giving up. History [or the story] changed. Sincere thanks," Cruz tweeted.
Cruz was one of three abuse survivors who met with Francis individually for several hours over the last weekend in April, and then again together April 30. Cruz, James Hamilton and José Andrés Murillo were each abused as minors by Fr. Fernando Karadima. They were invited to the Vatican by Francis after he admitted making "serious mistakes" in his handling of clergy sexual abuse cases in Chile.
Anne Barrett Doyle of the abuse watchdog group BishopAccountability.org said, “Today's en masse resignation is historic -- it certainly will be seen as a milestone in the resolution of this crisis.”
“Catholics everywhere owe an enormous debt of gratitude to the steely and gutsy survivors who brought this about. Juan Carlos Cruz, Dr. James Hamilton and José Andrés Murillo withstood years of disrespect from Catholic church leaders, including the Pope himself, to get us to this point,” Barret Doyle said.
“Thanks too to Pope Francis for acting boldly at last,” she said.
Murillo tweeted: "For dignity, justice and truth: out with all the bishops. Criminals. They didn't know how to protect the weakest, they exposed them to abuse and later they obstructed justice. For this, they only deserve to go."
The bishops will continue in office unless or until the pope accepts their resignations.
The document in which Francis gave his evaluation of the situation of the church in Chile was leaked May 17 by Chilean news channel Tele 13. The Associated Press reported that the Vatican confirmed the document's authenticity.
The pope wrote in the document that removing some church leaders from office "must be done," but that "it is not enough; we must go further. It would be irresponsible of us not to go deep in looking for the roots and structures that allowed these concrete events to happen and carry on."
In it, the pope said that "the painful situations that have happened are indications that something is wrong with the ecclesial body."
The wound of sexual abuse, he said, "has been treated until recently with a medicine that, far from healing, seems to have worsened its depth and pain."
Reminding the bishops that "the disciple is not greater than his master," Francis warned them of a "psychology of the elite" that ignores the suffering of the faithful.
He also said he was concerned by reports regarding "the attitude with which some of you bishops have reacted in the face of present and past events."
This attitude, the pope said, was guided by the belief that instead of addressing the issue of sexual abuse, bishops thought that "just the removal of people would solve the problem."
In an accompanying footnote, the pope said the bishops' behavior could be labeled as "the Caiphas syndrome," referring to the high priest who condemned Jesus saying, "Better for one man to die for the people than that the whole nation perish."
The act of covering up cases of abuse, he added, was akin to the Latin American saying, "Muerto el perro se acabo la rabia" ("Dead dogs don't bite").
The document's footnotes included several details from the investigation made by Scicluna, who is president of a board of review within the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith; the board handles appeals filed by clergy accused of abuse or other serious crimes.
The pope said the report confirmed that, in some instances, the bishops deemed accusations of abuse as "implausible."
But Francis said he was "perplexed and ashamed" after he received confirmation that undue pressure by church officials was placed on "those who carry out criminal proceedings" and that church officials had destroyed compromising documents.
Those actions, he said, "give evidence to an absolute lack of respect for the canonical procedure and, even more so, are reprehensible practices that must be avoided in the future."
Following the document's release, Cruz applauded the pope's evaluation of the abuse crisis and of the bishops' behavior toward survivors of sexual abuse.
"This is the pope that I met during my conversations in the Vatican," Cruz told Chilean news site, Emol, May 17. "I hope all (the bishops) resign and that the church in Chile begins to rebuild with true shepherds and not with these corrupt bishops who commit and cover up crimes, as the document states."
Additional resources for this story:
- Associated Press: Chile's bishops resign en masse over sex abuse cover-up It marks the first known time in history that an entire national bishops conference had offered to resign en masse over scandal, and laid bare the devastation that the abuse crisis has caused the Catholic Church in Chile and beyond.
- Reuters: It is not yet clear if Pope Francis will accept resignations of 34 bishops
Earlier reporting from NCR:
- May 14, 2018 Chilean bishop says mistakes were made in handling abuse cases
- May 10, 2018 Chilean bishops say pope's meetings with survivors show them path to follow
- May 2, 2018 Chilean abuse survivors await actions after 'empathetic' meetings with pope
- Apr 11, 2018 Francis admits 'serious mistakes' in handling of Chile abuse cases
- Feb 17, 2018 Vatican investigator meets with Chilean abuse victim in New York
- Jan 30, 2018 Advocates welcome investigation into abuse cover-up claims in Chile
[NCR Staff contributed to this report.]