Don't like Trump? Gay? Feminist? Atheist?
That's OK, you can still be pro-life, say activists warning that the movement against abortion has been captured by conservative culture warriors promoting adherence to Republican politics as a litmus test. That concern came into sharp focus in 2016.
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"The election of [Donald] Trump was a line in the sand," Rebecca Bratten Weiss, co-founder of the New Pro-Life Movement, told NCR.
Weiss, who lives near Steubenville, Ohio, says that it's become harder for those opposed to abortion and Trump administration policies, such as the separation of children from their mothers at the Mexican border, to be allied with traditional pro-life groups, who have grown to accept the current administration in Washington with its promise to nominate judges who will overturn Roe v. Wade.
The New Pro-Life Movement manifesto declares that "all humans have an absolute, inherent right to life, and we believe this right spans from conception to natural death. This includes both the protection and the sustainment of life at all stages, and creates the foundation for our entire platform."
The manifesto adds:
We are completely, totally, and without reservation opposed to the act of abortion, or any action that directly and purposefully ends the life of a child in the womb. However, we believe the methods of the mainstream pro-life movement have largely failed to address the issue properly.
The manifesto calls for greater access to health care, pre and post-natal care, mandatory paid leave, job protection, equal wages and sexual education.
The New Pro-Life Movement also pledges support for women subject to sexual harassment, opposes the death penalty and argues that increased access to health care and social supports is the best way to discourage abortion and to promote human rights. It also calls for what it describes as sensible controls on gun violence.
"We feel there is too much time spent arguing with the social and political figures who support abortion and not nearly enough time spent helping the women who actually have them," Bratten Weiss told NCR.
Bratten Weiss, 45, describes herself as a longtime pro-lifer. She spent much of her high school and college years protesting outside abortion clinics, yet grew increasingly uneasy with the alliance between conservative politics and anti-abortion activism. When Trump emerged, she had had enough.
She decried his comments about immigrants and women, particularly the infamous "Access Hollywood" tape of the former professional celebrity describing sexual harassment in a glowing manner.
Her comments drew fire from what she described as the "cheerleaders for Trump" group in the pro-life movement. An adjunct professor of literature at Franciscan University at Steubenville for 11 years, she said her anti-Trump views cost her that position at the conservative Catholic college. The school has said that her contract was simply not renewed.
Other pro-lifers are also wary of the Trump alliance. Katelyn Beaty, 34, who now works as a book editor, was for 10 years an editor at Christianity Today, the magazine founded by Billy Graham and considered a bellwether of the evangelical movement.
Christianity Today entered the Trump fray back in the 2016 election with an editorial calling into question the then-candidate's morality and view of women. Beaty graduated from Calvin College in Grand Rapids, Michigan, and formerly was part of a United Methodist congregation and now, residing in Brooklyn, New York, she attends an Episcopal church. Beaty said she has voted for both Republicans and Democrats.
But, she said, "I am very discouraged and disgusted by the example of what we have about Republican leadership in the country."
She said there is a growing unease among younger evangelicals who have stopped attending churches which have become dominated by older, politically active Trump supporters.
"Trump has been an existential crisis," she said.
At a December 2018 seminar at Jesuit-run Fordham University in New York, Beaty argued that pro-lifers need to embrace a consistent ethic of life — concerned with abortion as well as poverty and other concerns — if they are to develop credibility among millennials. Issues such as paid family leave are directly related to the concerns of hard-pressed women who feel that they are forced into abortions by dire economic circumstances, she said.
"Trump has been an existential crisis."
According to the Pew Research Center, American millennials, whom Pew defines those as "born between 1981 and 1996 (ages 22 to 37 in 2018)", are more likely to support legal abortion than their elders. The center reported last year that 62 percent of millennials support keeping abortion legal in most cases, compared to 53 percent of baby boomers. A 2018 survey by Public Policy Research Institution indicated that only 44 percent of young people say that abortion is against their personal beliefs, compared to 60 percent of seniors.
That millennial view can be attributed to the clear alliance between churchgoing Christians and the pro-life movement, say critics of the movement. As millennials drop out of church participation, it is not surprising that they are increasingly tolerant of abortion, noted Herb Geraghty, director of communications for Rehumanize International, a Pittsburgh-based group with similar goals as the New Pro-Life Movement. It boasts over 7,000 Facebook page likes.
Geraghty, 22, and a University of Pittsburgh graduate, became active in the pro-life cause while in college, particularly after social media discussions about the Kermit Gosnell case, the Philadelphia doctor who was convicted of murder of infants born alive after abortion attempts. She spoke at the Fordham event about what makes her different from many of her pro-life colleagues. Not only is she liberal, a feminist and in her twenties, she is an atheist.
"I've had to sit through countless prayers and songs," she told NCR about her participation in anti-abortion events, which are often dominated by evangelical Christians and Catholics.
For the pro-life movement to succeed, she said, it can convert everyone to conservative Christianity or, better yet, be welcoming to those with divergent views, including a growing younger population that no longer attends church. She said that while many younger Catholics no longer attend church, many still retain strong pro-life allegiances.
While the Democrats are no friend to the pro-life cause, the alliance with Republicans and Trump remains a difficulty, she said. "I do fear as a movement that we have latched on to his brand of Republicanism," Geraghty said of Trump. "That is not sustainable," she said, adding that a movement that proclaims its devotion to human rights has difficulty reconciling its frequent support for a president "who bragged about sexual assault and who violated human rights at our border."
For those immersed in the pro-life movement, there has been a sense of fighting for a cause that goes beyond self-interest, said Bratten Weiss.
Carol Tobias, president of the National Right to Life Committee, told NCR that enthusiasm among young people for the pro-life cause is as strong as ever. She said the pro-lifers welcome all to the cause, including atheists.
"Every segment of society needs a good healthy dose of pro-life principles," she said.
Pro-life organizations are supportive of Trump, she said, because his administration has worked to curtail abortion through its judicial appointments and its policies at the United Nations forbidding money going to organizations that do abortions.
"He is making a difference. He is working to save lives," she said. There are other issues, she said, and other organizations work on them. But, she said, "The national pro-life movement is concerned that more than one million unborn children are killed each year in this country. That is where our focus is."
The National Right to Life Committee is a prime player in the annual March for Life held every January in Washington. Geraghty is a regular participant. Last year, her organization sponsored seminars with scientists and atheists who oppose abortion.
"We became an oasis of liberals and progressives among a sea of Make America Great Again hats and Trump supporters," she said.
She plans to go back this year. If the movement against abortion is to become more inclusive, Geraghty said she, for one, needs to be there, in all her feminist and atheist glory.
"We need liberals and atheists. We're more inclined to listen to people who are like us," she said. "I need to be the one to make the event more inclusive."
[Peter Feuerherd is a correspondent for NCR's Field Hospital series on parish life and is a professor of journalism at St. John's University, New York.]