The chill descending over the Diocese of Buffalo, New York, this fall is not just the cold winds blowing off Lake Erie.
In this year of tumult for the church, from a damning Pennsylvania grand jury report to a cardinal called out for sexual harassment and abuse of a minor, perhaps no other region in the country is feeling the fallout more than the 721,000 Catholics of the Buffalo Diocese.
Catholics in the diocese were assuaged when their church seemed to weather previous storms, such as the 2002 Boston exposure, relatively unscathed. However, local investigative reporters discovered over the summer a series of sex abuse cases covered up by bishops. The result has been a call for the resignation of the current bishop, Richard Malone, who came to Buffalo from Boston in 2012. The publicity has also tarnished the tenures of Bishops Edward Head, Henry Mansell, and Edward Urban Kmiec, all of whom are now accused of covering up for sex abuse among diocesan clergy dating from the 1970s.
This past year, Buffalo Catholics learned that:
- In March, prior to the release of the Pennsylvania grand jury report, Malone offered a list of 42 priests who were accused of sex abuse in the diocese. The actual number of accused priests is more than 100, according to a report from WKBW television news in Buffalo. The station said the source for their story was internal chancery documents released by a whistleblower. The diocese has responded that the discrepancy is due in part to accusations against religious order priests which were not a part of the original disclosure.
- While the U.S. bishops pledged in 2002 to remove priests credibly charged with the sex abuse of minors from ministry, Malone returned Fr. Art Smith to ministry in 2012, despite allegations of inappropriate conduct with a child and adults, according to WKBW. Malone this summer removed Fr. Robert Yetter, pastor of St. Mary's Church in Stormville, New York, after allegations of misconduct against young adult men. Another priest, Fr. Fabian Maryanski, was suspended after allegations of abuse against a minor female decades ago. Fr. Joseph Gatto, director of the diocesan seminary, was suspended in September after an allegation of sexual harassment.
- The diocese said it is now cooperating with investigations from both the federal and state governments. Boston Cardinal Sean O'Malley, president of the Pontifical Commission for the Protection of Minors, urged a Vatican investigation of the diocese. In response, Malone issued a statement, in an unusual public rebuke of a fellow bishop, that O'Malley had failed "to check on the facts and hear our side of the story." O'Malley was Malone's superior in Boston when Malone served as an auxiliary bishop.
- In a signal of internal turmoil, the director of communications and the diocesan vicar abruptly resigned their posts this summer.
"We need help," Deacon Paul Snyder of St. Mary's Church in Stormville, told NCR. Snyder, a deacon for 15 years and owner of a prominent Buffalo business, has argued for Malone's resignation and a review of the diocese's response to sex abuse from wider church authorities.
In an Oct. 14 letter to papal nuncio Archbishop Christophe Pierre, Snyder wrote, that "the actions and inactions of Malone has scandalized the Diocese of Buffalo and had a severely detrimental impact on the Faithful People of Western New York."
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Snyder told NCR that the diocese is suffering from "an unbearable toxicity" due to the sex abuse revelations of crimes and cover-up. He said he was most personally affected by the Yetter case, which involved the pastor of one of the diocese's wealthiest parishes, where Snyder serves. Yetter is charged with having groomed teenagers in his parish who were then harassed when they were young adults.
Malone knew of the charges, said Snyder, but failed to notify the parish, even though diocesan workers are informed of the need to disclose information about sex abusers. Malone only moved after the uproar generated by the release of the Pennsylvania grand jury report in August.
"I was blindsided, as was everyone else," said Snyder. "This is the scandal of the cover-up. You can't trust anything coming out of our chancery."
A spokesperson for the diocese said that Malone has no intention of resigning and declined to respond to the charges of cover-up made against the bishop.
[Peter Feuerherd is a correspondent for NCR's Field Hospital series on parish life and is a professor of journalism at St. John's University, New York.]